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220 Volts Flashing Lamps electronic circuit diagram

220 Volts Flashing Lamps electronic circuit diagram

Especially designed for Christmas tree lamps
Replaces old thermally-activated switches

Parts:

R1___________100K 1/4W Resistor
R2,R5__________1K 1/4W Resistors
R3,R6________470R 1/4W Resistors
R4____________12K 1/4W Resistor
C1__________1000΅F 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
D1-D4_______1N4007 1000V 1A Diodes
D5__________P0102D 400V 800mA SCR
Q1___________BC327 45V 800mA PNP Transistor
Q2___________BC337 45V 800mA NPN Transistor
PL1__________Male Mains plug
SK1__________Female Mains socket

Device purpose:

This circuit is intended as a reliable replacement to thermally-activated switches used for Christmas tree lamp-flashing. The device formed by Q1, Q2 and related resistors triggers the SCR. Timing is provided by R1,R2 & C1. To change flashing frequency don't modify R1 and R2 values: set C1 value from 100 to 2200΅F instead.
Best performances are obtained with C1=470 or 1000΅F and R4=12K or 10K. Due to low consumption of normal 10 or 20 lamp series-loops intended for Christmas trees (60mA @ 220V typical for a 20 lamp series-loop), very small and cheap SCR devices can be used, e.g. C106D1 (400V 3.2A) or TICP106D (400V 2A), this last and the suggested P0102D devices having TO92 case.

Important Note:

For proper operation it's absolutely necessary to employ high Gate-sensitive SCRs. If you are unable to find these devices you can use Triacs instead. In this case the circuit operates also with relatively powerful devices. A recommended Triac type is the ubiquitous TIC206M (600V 4A) but many others can work.
Note that in spite of the Triac, diode bridge D1-D4 is in any case necessary.

Source: Electronics Lab

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